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Dec
31

Water is a universal tonic and detoxifying agent of its own kind. No liquid on earth can replace the cleansing actions of the fluid. Water should be used in as much quantity as possible to flush out the toxins from the body and add freshness to the skin and body. There are many health benefits of drinking water in adequate quantities everyday. Here are a few guidelines to ensure that you drink adequate amounts of water each day so that your body can function properly:
Water

  • First of all, it is important to know how to estimate the amount of water that should be drunk each day. Usually it is done in a very simple and easy way. By simply dividing the pounds of weight by two, you can get the ounces of water to be taken each day.
  • The amount of water to be taken depends upon the type of daily activity of the person as well as the climate where the individual lives. People, who work out more in gyms and do jobs that include more physical work, should consume at least eight to ten glasses of water a day. If this doesn’t quench their thirst, more can be taken. This is because maximum intake of water till the thirst is quenched won’t do any harm.
  • Climate has a great impact on the amount of water consumed by the individual. The hotter a place is, more water is needed by the person. If you live in a hot area, more water should be consumed to make you feel more satiated and cool. It will also prevent dehydration which is very common in hot areas especially on very hot days.
  • During air journeys, more water should be consumed by the passengers, pilots and the staff. Journeys in aeroplanes can cause dehydration because of the dry environment created inside the aeroplane. At least one glass per hour of journey is recommended by the health organizations.
  • Cold climates do not cause much sweating from the body and the metabolic rate of the body is not very high as well. So in the cold and dry places, four to six glasses per day are sufficient. But still that doesn’t mean that water should be completely avoided or its importance neglected in the colder areas.
  • People working in offices have a stationary type of job and they don’t have to roam about in the place. So, they do not need an increased supply of water throughout the day, however six glasses are necessary.
  • Another important point to be noted is that no matter now much water is taken in the form of beverages, fruits or other drinks, pure water has its own significance.

The above points clarify the fact that water is important for everyone of every age living in any place. Its consumption may vary according to the climate, amount of work, type of job and age, but adequate amounts of water are important for everyone.

In: General/ Posted by admin
Jul
07

Kid’s parties are usually birthday parties or a fancy dress party with a theme. Children usually love to play with their age mates rather then focusing on food. But still if you want to arrange a party, make sure that no one goes hungry from your kids party. Moreover, the best party is one where not a single kid burst into tears. And it is possible only when your kid party contains interesting games with yummy food. Here are some tips to plan great food for your kids party.

Childrens Party Food

  1. Do not go for very complicated recipes. Keep the food simple.
  2. Include more sweet dishes in a kid party as kids love sweet dishes more then other food.
  3. Make that food item whose left over can be used after ward as there is a chance that some food may remain uneaten.
  4. Add more snacks in kid parties. Snacks are easily eaten by kids and take less time in making.
  5. Do not just have cake and ice cream for your kids party. Only sweet things make them irritated.
  6. Kids usually pay more attention towards games and gifts, so try to incorporate treats in games, like giving clue for finding treat.
  7. Time of the day also helps to decide which type of food items should be included in the party. If your party is at dinner, never rely just on cake and snacks. Go for some tummy filling foods like pizza or patties.
  8. If your kid party is based on some theme, serve food according to the theme. Like for a tea party and Mexican Fiesta, food should support your theme.
  9. Before making a list of the food items, check how much your wallet allows you to spend on food. Depending on that you can buy food from outside or can prepare at home. Preparing food at home is cheaper than buying from the restaurant.
  10. All food items should be completely prepared before the start of the party. Kids need you in party rather in the kitchen.
  11. Prefer making food at home. But if you are afraid that some thing would get spoilt by you, order food from a fast food restaurant, instead of giving kids bad mouth taste.
  12. Make food a little more than required. There are chances that some parents may stay with their kid or you have really invited some food lovers.
  13. Plan 2 drinks for each kid, because while playing, kids consume a lot of beverage.
  14. Write the names of every kid on his glass so that everyone uses only his glass every time.
  15. Any kids party is incomplete without a cake. The cake topping should be according to the theme of the party, and always prefer using light colour for topping than dark colours like red.
  16. You can bake cupcakes for kids party at home and decorate them with icings and chocolate balls.
  17. Avoid making dishes with large quantity of sauces. Kids spill sauces on their clothes.
  18. Take out ice cream from the crate and put it in cups before starting the party. Decorate cups with fruit toppings and some biscuits.
  19. Serve kids with water melon, straw berry or pine apple chunks from time to time during the party.
  20. Kids are very choosy when it comes to drinks. So make sure you add variety to the beverages like milk, juices, lemonade, water and soft drink, so kids can have a drink of their own choice.

It is important that you add healthy foods to your kids’ party also, and you can do this by adding vegetables, fruits and natural juices wherever possible. For example, you can serve fruits with ice cream and desserts.

In: General/ Posted by admin
Jun
24

Vegetables are very rich sources of all the essential nutrients that the human body needs to function effectively and in a healthy manner. Vegetarian cooking not only makes the vegan dishes colourful, but also provides with all the important minerals, vitamins and even proteins. Although some of you may think that vegetarian cooking cannot be done to give great taste, it actually provides healthy as well as delicious dishes. A vegetarian cook must take care that the dishes contain proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the appropriate amount. Following are some very good and useful cooking tips for vegans:

Vegan Meals

  1. Always make your vegetarian diet plan by consulting a good physician, so that you get all the essential nutrients from vegetables. If proper consultancy is not taken, some very important nutrients may be missed leading to health problems.
  2. The vegetarian foods that provide good sources of calcium in cooking are soymilk, sesame seeds, green leafy vegetables, nuts, grains, peanut butter and seaweeds.
  3. While using olive oil for frying or usual cooking, always use the oil that is obtained from the first pressing of olives. Oil obtained on first pressing contains all the nutrients preserved in the vegetable. The information about this can easily be obtained from your shopkeepers. This oil is considered healthy cooking oil among all other vegetable obtained oils in the market.
  4. If a vegan dish requires egg yolks, use soft tofu for the purpose. If whole eggs are required, use a mixture or paste of soy flour with little amount of water. The quantity of water can be increased as per requirement.
  5. While baking cakes, pastries, pizzas, muffins and other crusts, use rice, barley and oat flours. Since white flours are very common in baking, vegetable flours can help provide the same nutrition. In fact in some cases, vegetable flours are seen to provide more health benefits as well as good stability in the baked products than other flours.
  6. Avoid repeated frying of vegetables in any dish. When vegetables are fried again and again, they lose their original colour, taste and texture. Along with this, frying the vegetables again and again may make them soft, but in this way all the important and healthy nutrients as well as minerals of the vegetables are completely lost.
  7. Make salads a very important part of your vegetarian diets because raw vegetables act as anti-oxidants and anti-aging foods. Apart from making salads, fresh green vegetables should also be eaten as such for maximum health benefits.
  8. Tomato and cabbage soups prevent many cardiovascular diseases like hypertension and heart problems. So, these creamy soups should be made and taken at least once a week to make your heart healthy.
  9. While cooking, the harder vegetables should be added first as they take more time to become soft. Hard vegetables include potatoes, radishes, carrots and beans. After hard vegetables, soft and green vegetables should be added.
  10. Vegetables, whether steamed, roasted, baked or fried, should be thoroughly washed and cleaned before use.

The above cooking tips can make vegetarian cooking easy and healthy for you. So follow them, and make sure you include all the essential vitamins, minerals and nutrients your body needs by consulting a nutritionist.

In: General/ Posted by admin
Jun
17

Going to a picnic is always great fun. Leaving the home and enjoying some time with your loves ones gives a feeling of relaxation and pleasure. But for a perfect picnic, perfect planning is required. Proper planning, from food to the picnic spot describes how enjoyable the picnic is going to be. So before leaving your home, consider planning the following things for your day out.

Plan a picnic

  1. Decide the place of picnic according to the number of people going. If the number of people is large, select a place which is nearer to your home where the maximum numbers of people show their interest to going to.
  2. If small kids are also going, prefer not to go to the sea shore.
  3. Check the weather condition before leaving for the picnic. It will prevent your picnic from being spoiled by rain or storm.
  4. If your picnic spot is at walking distance, pack your picnic items in back bags and use coolers with wheels to carry eatables.
  5. Picnic food should contain everyone’s favourite. It is better that everyone should prepare his or her meal, or at least tell their interest.
  6. While preparing a list of food items, make sure to take only those edibles that will not spoil until meal time. Avoid taking seafood or mayonnaise. If you cannot imagine picnic without these things, make sure to place them in a cooler with ice packs properly.
  7. Instead of packing a big picnic bag, pack small picnic lunches for everyone. This way, everyone will be responsible for their meal and trash.
  8. Make sure you pack according to number of people going. If more people are going, th number of coolers should also be more.
  9. Never go on a picnic without a picnic cloth or mat. It will provide you a place to sit, put your food on it and protect your food from dirt and ants.
  10. Do not take very complicated cooked recipes with you. Always go for simple food.
  11. Some people take picnic as eating a lot outside home. So do not carry tons of food with you.
  12. Always take large quantity of fruits with you on picnic. They are easy to carry and healthy in eating, and are also easy to dispose off.
  13. Plan several picnic games to pass time with your friends and family. You cannot spend the whole time by just eating and chatting.
  14. Prefer taking those foods along with you that are cooked in marinades. Due to their acidic nature they will not get spoil. However, you will need to make sure that they are warm or hot by the time you eat them.
  15. Properly pack utensils like fork, knives and plates etc. It is good to take disposable glass and plates with you.
  16. Make a picnic items list and check it before leaving the home so that you would not forget any important thing at home. Make this list a few days before you actually go out, so you can update it with more items as you plan your picnic.
  17. If your meal includes sandwiches made of tomato or cucumber, place them in paper towel and press. Paper towels will absorb extra water and they will be safe for use in the picnic basket.
  18. For small children, bake small muffins. They are always children favourite snack.
  19. Kids also love pizza, so you add pizzas to your meal, along with drinks.
  20. Do not throw fruits skin near your picnic point. It will attract bees. Dispose them properly in dustbins or trash.

Use these tips to plan your picnic and make it enjoyable for you and your family. Picnics are a great way to enjoy quality time in the outdoors with family and friends.

In: General/ Posted by admin
Jun
08

Coffee and caffeine are invariably linked. Just how bad is caffeine.. or coffee?

Today the use of coffee as a daily table beverage is widespread throughout the world and is probably the most widely consumed of all hot beverages. Broadly speaking it seems to have met a natural necessity or at least to have fulfilled a natural desire on the part of many millions of people.

The actual food value of coffee as brewed from the roasted and ground seed is practically nil. Dieticians would classify coffee as an auxiliary substance used mainly as a flavouring agent to food. And coffee is better known for its aroma and flavour and as a stimulant.

Caffeine

The characteristics flavour and aroma of coffee stem from small quantities of aromatic and volatile products which are released by roasting, an operation which many coffee lovers prefer to perform themselves. The stimulating effect of coffee is mainly due to the presence of caffeine, a substance that does not affect the odour and flavour of coffee.

Caffeine is an alkaloid substance which acts on the nervous system. A moderate amount of caffeine produces a mild exhilaration, a feeling of buoyancy and well being. Acting through the nervous system it increases the pulse rate, lightens the sense of fatigue and makes possible sustained or prolonged muscular exertion.

Acting on the brain centres, caffeine eliminates the feeling of tiredness and exhaustion. It stimulates the imagination, increases mental activity and quickness perception. Many people have discovered that drinking coffee makes it possible for them to carry on sustained intellectual work without any depressive after effect. There are however a great many individual differences in caffeine tolerance and in the quickness of response to caffeine. For some people an excessive dose of caffeine can bring on nervous excitation, trembling and insomnia.

Caffeine can also affect the heart. It tends to increase the rate and strength of the heartbeat by direct stimulation of the heart muscles. Excessive intake of caffeine however will cause palpitations and irregularity of the heartbeat.

Another effect that caffeine brings is that of a digestive stimulant and diuretic. The length of time for food to pass through the digestive system speeds up when coffee is taken. Coffee tends to stimulate the stomach to slightly increase the secretion of hydrochloric acid and to increase intestinal peristalsis.

Studies have shown that coffee taken in moderation is without harmful effects. It therefore becomes in part a question of quantity. Just what constitutes moderation depends on the individual, the strength of the coffee consumed and on its method of preparation. Careful studies have brought out the interesting fact that with coffee as with other types of food, there are personal or individual tolerances. A small percentage of the population responds unfavourably to caffeine stimulation and a still smaller percentage cannot use coffee without unfavourabe results, although they may be able to drink tea which also contains caffeine.

For those who are unable to tolerate caffeine there is decaffeinated coffee in which coffee beans are broken up by steam introducing chloroform or some other solvent and then eliminating this liquid by heating and roasting. After roasting, the coffee retains the same taste as ordinary coffee which has not been treated, but without having any of its stimulating properties.

Coffee whether it is percolated, infused, boiled or dripped will not make any difference in its caffeine content. But even after all that is said and done, lovers of coffee will agree that it is not the amount of caffeine present but the inherent soothing character of coffee that makes this brew so special and appealing.

In: General/ Posted by admin
Jun
05

Chocolate

Chocolate comes from a bean-like fruit known as cocoa bean. These beans provide one of the best anti-oxidant sources in the world that is, the cocoa powder. Researches have shown that chocolate and its products protect the human body from many harmful effects of cholesterol, lipids and fats. They also protect from heart related problems, strokes, hypertension and other cardiac attacks. Some health tips related to chocolates and its products are explained below:

  1. Raw cocoa has the highest antioxidant value of all the natural foods in the world. It has three times the antioxidants found in green tea. Antioxidants help the body to flush out all the harmful matters and toxins. This makes the body younger and healthier.
  2. Chocolate has almost all forms of minerals and vitamins essential for the human body. It has sulphur that provides health and beauty to nails, hair and skin. Nails become stronger and less brittle. Hair grows longer and stronger and the skin gains its natural glow.
  3. Chocolates also contain a large amount of calcium, important for strong bones and teeth; magnesium, which is good for heart related problems, low cholesterol in blood and vitamins that keep body healthy in many ways. So, cocoa provides human body with the most important minerals, nutrients and even trace elements.
  4. Chocolate has a low fat content which does not impact your cholesterol levels. There are 3 kinds of fats present in chocolate which include Oleic Acid, Stearic Acid and Palmitic Acid, Olic Acid being a healthy monounsaturated fat and the later two being saturated fats. Out of these, Stearic Acid is shown to have a neutral effect on cholesterol and Palmitic Acid raises cholesterol and the risk of heart disease.
  5. Dark chocolate used in liquid forms e.g with water, milk or juices, helps to prevent obesity and also controls weight gain problems. So, it is advised to eat a bar of chocolate or a glass of melted chocolate at least before one meal daily to have an appropriate control of your weight.
  6. Chocolates are available in many different forms and types. There are chocolates containing peanuts, walnuts, cashews and ground nuts. This helps in the regulation of body temperatures and maintains the correct values of fats in the blood.
  7. Chocolates containing fruits like strawberries, oranges, cherries and peaches help to give benefits of not only chocolate, but also the respective fruits. This makes it good for the body in many ways. It not only provides calcium benefits of chocolates, but also extra benefits of minerals and vitamins present in these fruits.
  8. Candy bars containing chocolate and milk are healthy for children and young people. Kids usually avoid taking the required quantity of milk daily, but almost every child loves eating chocolate bars. This can help to provide them all the benefits of milk and cream. So, children should not be refrained from taking chocolate in their diet. However excess of everything is wrong and taking extra sweets and candies can be harmful for their young teeth. Otherwise chocolate is a rich source of calcium and magnesium which only has healthy impact on the growing mind of young children.

The above eight points provide valuable information about various benefits of eating chocolates. So, the common concept that chocolates are harmful or useless should be ignored as it is the richest source of many nutrients needed essentially by the body.

Chocolate – The gift from the gods

In: General/ Posted by admin
Jun
04

Before giving some useful tips for preserving vegetables, I want to tell you a little about what you mean by preserving vegetables and why we preserve vegetables and other foods?

How to preserve Vegetables

Preserving vegetables means the process of storing vegetables for a longer period of time using different methods to prevent the vegetables from going to waste. Here are some commonly used methods of preserving vegetables:

Freezing Vegetables – This is the method of freezing vegetables in a refrigerator or cold storage

Dehydrating Vegetables – This is the second most popular method of storing vegetables and involves different drying methods such as dehydrating the foods or vegetables in sunlight or in the microwave oven.

Storing Cooked or Boiled Vegetables – The third method of preserving vegetables is a little professional and is used mostly by the food industries to store vegetables in metal cans with tight lids. Usually, the process involves boiling the vegetables in water with temperatures up to 140 degrees, before sealing them in cans. The vegetables can also be blanched, boiled, cooked, soaked in brine or other fluids for preserving them.

Why do we preserve vegetables?

In old times, people used to preserve vegetables and other edibles so that they could use them in time when there was no food available like in winters. But today, we usually preserve vegetables for two reasons:

Firstly to enjoy those vegetables in the season when they are not available like green peas are cultivated in winter and if you preserve them properly, you can enjoy them in June and July as well.

Secondly we preserve vegetables when large quantity is available and there are chances that they may spoil.

How to preserve vegetables

Here are some basic tips for preserving vegetables and by following them, preserving will become more easy and safe for a long time:

  1. To preserve vegetables, the most important thing is keeping every thing hygienic during preservation of vegetables.
  2. Remove a thin layer of vegetable’s skin before preserving it.
  3. Wash vegetables properly with lots of water.
  4. Cut vegetables into bite size pieces for freezing or canning.
  5. For dehydrating, cut vegetables into small pieces.
  6. Use plastic bags for freezing vegetables.
  7. Bags should be properly washed before adding vegetables to them.
  8. Mouth of the bags should be tightly closed.
  9. Put a small quantity of vegetables in each bag, so that whenever you need to utilize them, you use the whole bag.
  10. Once defrosted; if frozen again there are chances that vegetables may get contaminated.
  11. Vegetables can be easily defrosted by simply running luke warm water over them.
  12. The place where you are dehydrating vegetables should be clean and free from germs.
  13. If you are dehydrating vegetables under the sun, always cover them with a thin muslin cloth.
  14. Dehydrating in micro wave oven is hygienic but it takes more time.
  15. Using some salt on vegetables will make dehydrating faster and proper.
  16. Dehydrated food must be stored in a proper hygienic place covered with a tight lid to prevent air and moisture from entering the pot.
  17. Vegetables with a high acid level like tomatoes are recommended for freezing or canning rather than dehydrating.
  18. Vegetables with a low acid level should not be canned as they require a high temperature of more than 140 degree which is difficult to attain at home.
  19. Vegetables should be either cooked or boiled properly before canning.
  20. Tightly close the lids of cans once you have added the vegetables to them.
  21. A conscious check on preserved vegetables should be kept to make sure that they are not in contact with anything contaminated.
  22. For large number of vegetables, dehydrating under the sun is most convenient.
  23. Prefer using home preserved vegetables than market preserved one.
  24. For preserving, it is best to use young and tender vegetables.
  25. If you blanch or boil the vegetables, cool them immediately in the same amount of water, preferably ice water to preserve their nutrients.
  26. Make sure you use the best quality freezer bags or air tight containers to prevent freezer burn.
  27. Before freezing the bags, squeeze as much air out as possible.
  28. Label each bag with the name of the vegetable and the date of preservation, so you can use the old ones before using any newly preserved vegetables.
  29. Once packed, freeze them immediately.
  30. Make sure your freezer is already ready to take the preserved vegetables. You should clean it a day early and also set the freezer control at -10 a day before freezing to speed up.

There are other methods of preserving vegetables and fruits too, and include pickling and preparing jams and jellies.

In: General/ Posted by admin
Jun
01

Continuing the previous post, here are some more simple and valuable cooking tips that will save your time, ingredients and money and will help you become a perfect chef. These will not only make cooking easy for you but will also allow you to handle the kitchen properly.

General Cooking Tips

  1. Before slicing onions, put them into cold water for 10 minutes. This process will not make you “weep”.
  2. If you are cooking a dish which includes oil, tomatoes, green chili, onion and garlic, mix all the ingredients first and add garlic in last. It prevents the material from sticking with the pan and taste bitter.
  3. If you are boiling rice, add a few drops of lemon juice or vinegar to it. The rice will smell richer and look whiter.
  4. If you have roasted something, save the sauce for the purpose of gravy.
  5. To make sauces sweeter, use carrots or fruits instead of sugar. It is healthier.
  6. Never wash mushrooms under running tap water. They soak water which affects the recipe. Always wipe them with clean cloth before using them.
  7. If you want to grill something, oil the grill slightly to prevent sticking.
  8. If you are using a grill with a top, cover it with it. This will allow smoke to enhance the flavour and make food yummier.
  9. When you are mixing something in a bowl at high speed, put the bowl on a damp kitchen towel. This will prevent your bowl from sliding away.
  10. Placing a toothpick between a pot and lid will prevent the pot from boiling over.
  11. When cooking a dish which requires you to cut ingredients, make sure you cut them in the same size. This helps to make the recipe more presentable.
  12. Cook meat at low temperature to keep it tender and retain its nutrients and juices.
  13. Prefer light soy sauce over dark soy sauce.
  14. If you dust a cup with flour before adding honey to it, honey will not stick with the cup surface.
  15. Never store potatoes along with onion and never store potatoes more than one month. They usually turn sweet.
  16. While removing skin from vegetables, always remove a thin layer to retain all nutritional values.
  17. Always keep all spices away from your cooking range since heat takes away their flavour in a very short time. Never store spices and baking soda for more than 6 months since they lose their primary flavor if remained open for a long time due to humidity and heat.
  18. It is good and convenient to use wood, glass or china ware plates and bowls rather than metal.
  19. If you are going to cook a dish for the very first time, prepare in a small amount so that if you do not achieve your target, a lot of material does not go waste.
  20. Always decorate/garnish your dishes before serving. It will enhance the value of both, the dish and your efforts.

Follow these cooking tips in your day to day cooking routine and you will be on your way to becoming a good cook in no time!

In: General/ Posted by admin
May
31

Most of us are familiar with the phrase “cooking is a science and applied as an art”. Like any art, of course cooking also has some tactics and tricks which if followed properly, will make cooking a lot easier and faster for you. Following are some golden tips that one should follow while cooking food.

Cooking Tips

  1. You should be completely prepared for what you are going to cook. All the required ingredients and utensils should be available for what you want to cook. If you are following a recipe, go over it a few times to make sure you are well prepared for it.
  2. If the ingredients require any pre work e.g. chopping, slicing, thawing etc. or any other cooking techniques, it should be done before you start cooking.
  3. Sometimes you may prefer cooking two dishes at a time to save time. Check out if you require similar ingredients for both to save time.
  4. Use utensils according to the requirements of your dish. If you need a big dish, do not start preparing in a small one and then inverting in a large dish.
  5. If you are required to fry some thing, pre-heat the wok before putting your ingredients in oil. Similarly according to the required temperature of your dish, pre- heat the oven as well.
  6. Never touch a pot with naked hands while on the burning stove. Always use a kitchen cloth for safety purposes. Follow these kitchen safety tips to avoid problems in the kitchen.
  7. Try to use plastic gloves while cutting ingredients. It will prevent rashes or burning from ingredients like green chili.
  8. While cooking many dishes at the same time, start with the dish, which according to you will take the most time.
  9. Try to use non stick utensils in your kitchen. It helps in making cooking more convenient and also decreases the quantity of oil usage.
  10. Keep the fire of the burner at a moderate level while cooking.
  11. Never compromise with your ingredients in a particular recipe. Never use cheap products. Always use fresh products and check for expires on shelf items before using them.
  12. Cut the ingredients especially vegetables in small pieces. It will allow sauces to merge into pieces faster, and will allow the taste to come out properly.
  13. Always wash or clean vegetables, fruits and herbs properly before using.
  14. Before removing your pan or dish from the stove, turn off the burner.
  15. Try to avoid too much oil and spices in your dish.
  16. If you are cooking two things together like meat and vegetables, start cooking the ingredient which will take more time than the other and then mix in the second one.
  17. Never over cook the food. This leads to loss of nutrients and makes food unhealthy.
  18. If you are using any frozen vegetables, do not defrost them in a microwave oven. Simply put it under running water for five minutes.
  19. While cooking, constantly stir the food, especially if you are preparing sauces. If you are frying something, change sides frequently for an even golden color or when one side is properly done.
  20. If you want to grill the food make sure the grill is properly clean.

Stay tuned for some more cooking tips in the next blog post!

In: General/ Posted by admin
May
31

To learn successful cooking, it is essential to learn different cooking techniques that are commonly used by cooking schools, chefs and cookbook authors worldwide. Learning these basic cooking techniques will not only make cooking fun for you, but you will be able to complete your cooking projects with ease.

Basic Cooking Techniques

The most commonly used techniques in cooking are listed below:

Cutting refers to breaking food into smaller chunks, usually uniform in shape, such as vegetables, meat or making mince.

Chopping is a term used to refer to cut foods into pieces, such as cubes. Chopping is different from cutting by being a larger cut and it generally does not have to be uniform.

Sautéing is a cooking technique which means to fry food at moderate heat until it is soft and light golden brown.

Roasting refers to cooking in large amount of fats. The term usually applies on large parts of meat or joints but can also be used for vegetables.

Frying is the process of cooking food in oil and involves different methods including deep frying, shallow frying and stir frying.

Deep frying is the process of immersing food in large amount of fat or oil until the food cooks properly at moderate heat. However it is not recommended by dieticians as it is not good for health due to the high fat content.

Stir frying is to cook in a small amount of oil similar to sauté; the oil should be sufficient enough to cover the surface of the pan. This technique of cooking is used to soften the food. The technique is specially used in Chinese cuisine to stir fry vegetables.

Shallow frying requires frying food in pre-heated oil sufficient enough to cover one quarter to half of the ingredient (e.g fish/ poultry) being fried.

Barbecuing is the technique of cooking meat over red hot coals or a barbecue grill. The food is placed on barbecue braces just 8-10 cm over the hot coals to cook it quickly.

Poaching is cooking food in shallow water over a low flame.

Steaming means cooking food in the steam of boiling water. Water is filled into a steamer up to the marked level with a hot plate on the lid. The steamer is then put on high heat till water starts to boil. You can then put the vegetables or meat on the hot plate on the lid till it is cooked. For steaming, water should not be present in very large quantity and heat must be continuous all the time. Steaming preserves and promotes nutrients of food and is a highly recommended cooking technique. In case of excess water evaporation from the streamer before the food is tender and thoroughly cooked; replenish steamer with additional hot water supply.

Simmering involves cooking in liquids over a low heat till bubbling gently.

Boiling is the process of cooking liquids over moderate to high heat till bubbling rapidly.

Baking deals with cooking of various types of foods in an oven.

Blanching or parboiling is a unique method of cooking that is used to soften the food and also to stop it from going brown. It requires you to dip the food in boiling water for a little time which can then be transferred to chilled or iced water if required. This is mostly used to help get rid of bacteria and any other impurities on the food.

Broiling means to brown or toast the tops of food under direct high heat. Food must be kept 4-6 inches away from the source of heat.

Grilling is a method of quick cooking under radiant heat. This technique for cooking is about preheating the grill and placing vegetables, meat or food on a grill pan that must be 7-9 cm below the heating source. This is the best way to cook or soft vegetables.

Braising is a cooking technique in which the main ingredient seared or browned in fat and then simmered in liquid on low heat in a covered pot.

Whipping Cream

Whipping is the process of beating an ingredient vigorously, such as cream or eggs, to incorporate air until frothy.

Stewing is the process of cooking meat or vegetables by heating them slowly with oil and moisture in a tightly sealed or covered container.

Kneading is a term used for mixing dough by stretching and folding to help form gluten in the flour.

These are some of the basic cooking techniques and mastering them is easy. However, there are other specific cooking techniques which are specific to certain cuisines, like French, Italian, Chinese, Indian etc. By learning these basic cooking techniques, you can become a good cook and you will be able to handle most recipes.

In: General/ Posted by admin
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